The gastrointestinal tract is where essential nutrients are absorbed. Does the ingestion of TiO2 alter intestinal cell physiology and/or morphology? Do these changes account for the reduction in absorption of essential nutrients in the presence of TiO2?
Intestinal cells (that are responsible for absorbing drugs and nutrients) and goblet-like cells (produce mucous to protect the intestinal cells) were tested together. The cells were exposed to TiO2 for 5 days (chronic exposure).
Limits of this Study
An in vitro study.
What Was Already Known
In 2012, Mahler et al showed that chickens fed TiO2 had a significantly reduced absorption and transfer of iron into their circulation.
What These Studies Add
Exposure to TiO2 (doses similar to human exposure) reduces the absorption of nutrients like Fe, Zn and fatty acids by:
- Reducing the available surface area for absorption by decreasing the number of intestinal microvilli
- Reducing the enzyme activity of the intestinal cells
- Increasing inflammation at the intestinal cell wall by 5-7 fold
EXCIPIENT FREE AND AS CLOSE TO NATURE AS POSSIBLE
- Platinum Naturals’ products never contain binders, fillers, lubricants, artificial colours, nanoparticles or preservatives
- Omega Suspension Technology™ (OST®) suspends natural ingredients in omega oils which act as natural preservatives, maintains potency of the ingredients and optimizes absorption
- OST® is the only natural supplement delivery system to be awarded the prestigious Leonardo Da Vinci Award in Canada (2005)
Guo, Z., Martucci, N.J., Moreno-Olivas, F., Tako, E., and Mahler, G.J. (2017) Titanium dioxide nanoparticle ingestion alters nutrient absorption in an in vitro model of the small intestine. NanoImpact 5: 70-82.
Hot Topic Small Talk – Volume 2, Number 3